My local beach the past few weeks has been littered with jelly blobs of various sizes from tennis balls to tennis shoes. While I was looking closely at one, a man walking by told me they were just jellyfish. They looked like they could be, but they weren’t.
Upon careful inspection you see these blobs are certainly gelatinous like jellyfish, but they don’t have long tentacles (oh, you say, must have washed away). There’s no round bell (not all jellies are round you respond). The body is long with flaps of flesh (just the way it landed you offer). On some there’s a hoodie with fringe (ahh, there are the tentacles you defend).
In the transparent body of some, I’ve seen little orange dots and fine opaque threads.
These blobs aren’t very attractive and I understand why most people ignore them thinking they’re jellyfish. But they’re distinctive (not the typical blob on the beach) and in their living condition in bay waters just offshore, these animals are amazing in their beauty and grace.
So what are they? Meet the hooded nudibranch, or sea slug, Melibe leonina. This animal hangs out, literally, on a narrow slug foot attached to brown kelp (Macrosystis sp.) and sometimes eelgrass (Zostera sp.). It can grow to 6 inches (15 cm) long. The “hoodie” is a giant mouth — an oral hood rimmed with small tentacles (cirri) that sweeps the water for zooplankton, mostly crustaceans. When it catches something, the hood closes and cirri lock in the prey.
Inside the clear body, the orangish dots and the fine threads (called diverticula) are parts of the digestive system. The paddlike flaps of “flesh” are called cerata and grow in two rows along the back. Cerata increase the surface area of an animal and aid with the exchange of gases (respiration). The Melibe can shed these, possibly to deter predators just like a lizard dropping its tail. It can continue to evade a predator by detaching from its post and swimming with slow undulating body strokes. Maybe it’s the swimming Melibe caught in a current that gets washed ashore.
YouTube has many Melibe videos, but I like this video which shows a vast number of Melibe feeding in a kelp forest. It’s a beautiful sight and the one I keep in mind when I happen upon these blobs on the beach.
Note: For jelly blobs that are actually jellyfish, see More jelly blobs post.
For other beach blob posts, see Sea butterflies or Salps on the beach.
Hi I just have a question cause I collected a lot of these as a kid on the beach on the east coast of Florida, my friend and I were not aware they were alive and would like break them up into peices.. can they regenerate after? Suddenly feeling so guilty, the poor slugs 😦 we were told a few years later that’s what happened to seagull poop and never touched them again. Curiosity led me here.
These beach “blobs” are long dead and you did no harm. Sea slugs don’t regenerate (as far as I know). Looks like jellies might have some regeneration ability: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/06/150615-jellyfish-symmetry-animals-science-oceans/
Found something like this – appeared to be random size and shape blobs a few to 20cm firm but watery when broken with no discernible structure at all.
Not California though this was Iceland today.
Could it be the same thing?
Sorry, Andrew. I have no idea.
I found a clear and adobe brown jelly creature beached on the Oregon coast. It looked somewhat like what you said was a sea slug. The thing I found had no tentacles or strings and was two feet long and four-six inches thick.
Based on your description of the color and size, it sounds like it could be a Pacific sea nettle. It’s too large for a sea slug. But it’s really hard for me to say for sure without a picture. When jellies are tossed in the surf and land on the beach, they’re often without tentacles.
I went Walking the beach a few weeks ago and saw many of these and finally tried to find out what they were. When I started my search this article was the first one I opend. I was happy I found an answer! I am also trying to find out what another beach mystery animal is and was hoping that you could help me. They were round and orange with a rough exterior and the underside was tan/brown and looked as if it could be a slug. I’ve looked through the aquarium’s site aswell as some other marine life sites and have yet to find an answer. Do you know what they are?
Your creature is a gumboot chiton Cryptochiton stelleri. Not a very healthy one though.
Take a closer look at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gumboot_chiton
Thank you so much!!
Thanks, Nigella. I was so excited when I figured out what they were.